Class – X
Time-2 hours M.M-80
i. Attempt all questions from Part I (compulsory).
ii. A total of five questions are to be attempted from Part II.
iii. Two out of three questions from Section A and three out of five questions from Section B.
PART I (30 Marks)
a). Name any two constituents of Union Executive.
b). Who is the ex-offico chairman of the Rajya Sabha?
c) Difference between Money bills and non money bills
d) Role and functions of Prime minister.
e) Name the body which elects the Rajya Sabha Members.
f) Mention two military powers of the President of India.
g) Who is the highest judicial official at the district level?
h) Process by which Independence of the judiciary is ensured.
i) Functions of Governor.
j) What is meant by every high court is a court of record?
a) With reference to the British rule in India, mention two economic factors, which became the causes of the First War of Independence, 1857.
b) Mention any two social evils that existed in India in 19th centuries.
c) Role and contributions of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan in Muslim reformation movement in India.
d) Importance of Dandi March,Lahore session of the Congress,Gandhi-Irwin Pact.
e) State two reasons given by the Cabinet Mission for rejecting the demand for a separate State of Pakistan.
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PART II (50marks)
[Answer any two questions]
Q3. There is a separation of Judiciary from the Executive from all over India.With the reference to the above, explain how independence is ensured with respect to:
a. Removal of Judges.
b. Freedom to announce the decessions.
c. Prohibation and practice after retairment.
d. Security tenure.
Q4. With reference to the Executive branch of the Government:-
(a) Mention the common qualifications required to be eligible to become the President of India or the Governor of a State.
(b) Explain the special powers of the Governor during the President's Rule in a State.
c) Mention two executive and two legislative powers of the President of India.
Q5. With reference to Judiciary, explain briefly on:
a) Explain the composition of the High Court.State the qualifications required to became the judge of a High Court.
b) Explain the composition of a High Court. State the qualifications required to become a judge in the High Court.
c) Name the three types of courts at the district level. Explain the different categories of cases that fall under the jurisdiction of each.
[Answer any three questions]
Q6. With reference to Nationalism, explain each of the following:
- Rediscovery of India's Past.
- Contribution of Bipin Chandra Pal.
- How did the British react when the Indian National Congress was founded? Why did their attitude change later?
Q7. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:-
"On August 7th and 8th, in Bombay the All - India Congress Committee considered and debated in Public the resolution, ...... . The Committee resolves therefore to sanction, ...... the starting of a mass struggle on non - violent lines under the inevitable leadership of Gandhiji. ...... The resolution was finally passed late in the evening of August 8th, 1942. A few hours later, in the early morning of August 9th, a large number of arrests were made in Bombay and all over the country. (From: The Discovery of India - Jawaharlal Nehru)
(a) What is meant by 'mass struggle on non-violent lines'? Which resolution was passed on the 8th of August, 1942 leading to amass struggle on non - violent lines?
(b) State any three reasons behind the launching of the August, 1942 movement.
(c) Discuss any four consequences of the 1942 Movement.
Q8. Trace the programme and progress of the Civil Disobedience Movement under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi with reference to the followings:
a. The Second Round Table Conference of 1931.
b. The Dandi March
c. Gandhi -Irwin Pact of 1931.
Q9. Explain the differences between the Moderate and Extremist in the Indian National Congress with the reference to the following.
a. Their basic beliefs.
b. Their ultimate objectives.
c. Their method of struggle.
Q10. With reference to the cold war and the Non-Aligned Movement, answer the following:
- Mention three factors leading to the Cold War.
- Write three consequences of the Cold War.
- Mention any four objectives of the Non-Aligned.