Subject: English (Second Paper)
Class : XII
Time: 3 hour Marks: 50
(i). Question No. 4 has three Parts: I, II and III. Attempt only one Part of Question No. 4.
(ii). All other question are compulsory.
1. a) Change the following into indirect form of speech.
i) The Director of the Military Academy said to the cadets, “ ‘Future sentinels of Mother India’, the country reposes great hope in you. Work hark in a disciplined manner and come up to the expectations of the country.”
ii) The master said the Lazy servant, “What are you doing here in the backyard of the house?”
b) Combine the following sentences as directed within the brackets: 1+1=2
i) Hari remained very serious in his studies right from the very beginning of the session. He wanted to Top the Board’s Examination. (Simple sentence)
ii) Lord Wellington fought the Battle of Waterloo very tactfully. He defeated Napoleon. (Complex sentence)
c) Transform the following sentences as directed within the brackets: 1+1=2
i) Hardly had Ram seen me when he called me. (Into Negative)
ii) The Taj Mahal is very beautiful. (Exclamatory)
d) Correct four of the following sentences: 4X ½ =2
i) It is it worth where rich hate poor.
ii) Though he is poor but honest.
iii). Yourself are responsible.
iv). For health, milk is preferable than tea.
v). I do not pay the heed to his nonsensical talks.
vi). He is very proudly.
2. Use three of the following idioms/ phrases in your own sentences so as to make their meanings clear: 3X1=3
a) at sixes and sevens
b) to nip in the bud
c) to eat the humble pie
d) a fair- weather friend
e) to throw up the gauntlet.
3. a) Give the antonyms of the following words: ½+ ½ =1
i) distant ii) ordinary.
b) Give the synonyms of the following words: ½ + ½ =1
i) happy ii) nice.
c) Substitute one word for the following expressions: ½ + ½ =1
i) an aged unmarred woman
ii) a man who remains unmarried.
d) Use the following words in sentences of your own so as to bring out the difference in their meanings clearly: ½ + ½ =1
i) defy ii) deify.
PART – I
4. a) Translate the following into English: 10
जब दमयन्ती विवाह योग्य उम्र की हुयी तो उसके पिता ने उसके विवाह की सोंची | राजा ने एक स्वयंवर रचा | उसमे देश के कोने कोने से राजे - महाराजे आमंत्रित किये गए | स्वयंवर वाले दिन, महल के आस पास के क्षेत्र शाही रथो से भरने लगे | सारा क्षेत्र हाथियों की चिंघाड़ और घोड़ो की हिनहिनाहट से गूंजने लगा | सभी राजा और राजकुमार स्वयंवर में आने लगे और अपना स्थान ग्रहण करने लगे | इतने में दमयन्ती स्वयंवर में आयी | उसके हाथों में ताज़े गुलाब के फोलों की माला थी | वह एक एक कर के सभी राजा राजकुमारों के पास से आगे बढ़ती गयी | उसकी आखें नल को खोज रही थी | नल भेष बदल का आया था | उसने नल को पहचान लिया और उसके गले में माला डाल दी | उसे अपना वर चुन लिया |
b) Translate the following into Hindi: 5
Let us the following into accepting the truth that our forefathers were better than we are today. While we are modern, fashion-fangled and progressive and yet discontented, frustrated as well as mentally distraught, our forefathers were conservative, religious-minded, simple and yet happy, peaceful, calm and quiet as also great patrons of values and character. The modern man cannot talk of values he has none. We are driven far away from the real goal life.
Part – II
a) Give the substance of the following poem in your own words in about 60 to 80 words: 4
And hard! How blithe the
He, too, is no mean preacher:
Come forth into the light of things,
Let Nature be your teacher.
She has a world of ready wealth,
Our minds and hearts to bless—
Spontaneous wisdom, breathed by
Truth breathed by cheerfulness.
One impulse from a vernal wood
May teach you more of man of moral evil
And of good
Than all the sages can.
Sweet is the love which Nature brings;
Our meddling intellect
Mis-shapes the beauteous forms
We murder to dissect.
Enough of Science, and of Art;
Close up those barren leaves;
Come forth, and bring with you a heart
That watches and receives.
b) Write a summary of the following passage in about 60 words: 6
All the countries – developed or under-developed, also called developing – of the world have one thing in common and it is their level of effort to capture new markers for their products, the highly an edge over the underdeveloped or developing countries in one important respect and it is that they can present, in the market, products or commodities at comparatively cheaper rates as compared to those presented by the less industrialized underdeveloped countries. There is reason behind this. The highly industrialized countries have reached a state of development where they have, at their command, innovative skills, modern models of production, sumptuous capital outlays for investment and sufficient infrastructure. The developing countries are deficient in this regard. Resultantly they are unable to produce at that low level of the cost of production as the highly developed countries can.
c) Use two of the following idioms / phrases in sentences of your own: 2X1=2
i) to burn to candle at both ends
iii) the fair sex
iv) to cry in wilderness
v) a nine days’ wonder.
d) Correct three of the following sentences: 3X1=3
i) This is the very thing which pinches me.
ii) India was all out for 346 runs in their first inning.
iii) Himself is responsible.
iv) The train came after I reached the station.
v) To say is easy than to do.
PART – III
a) Write a short essay on one of the following topics in about 150 words: 8
i) Charles Lamb – the stylist.
ii) The Odes of Keats.
iii) Wordsworth – As a Prophet of Nature.
iv) The Augustan Age.
v) The Tragic Heroes of Shakespeare.
b) Match the literary works of List A with their authors in List B.
List A (Literary Works) List B (Authors)
i) The Winter’s Tale a) Aldous Huxley
ii) Justice b) Shakespeare
iii) She Stoops to Conquer c) Galsworthy
iv) The Apple Cart d) Goldsmith
v) Dr Faustus e) Bernard Shaw
vi) Point Counter f) Marlowe Point
c) Explain one of the following terms in about 60 words: 4
i) Epic ii) Elegy iii) Ballad.
5. Write an essay on one of the following topics in about 250 words : 10
a) The Morals and Values from the Great men of the Past
b) The hand that rocks the cradle
c) Science in the service of the housewife
d) Your ambition in life
e) ‘Give less to the world, if you want to give more to the mind’.
6. Write a letter to your friend to convey to him your good wishes on his birthday. 5
The teasing of young girls by goondas, loaders, knaves and other unsocial elements is on the increase in your locality. Write a complaint to the Inspector in-charge, Lotwali requesting him to detail some policeman in plain clothes to nab the evil-doers.
(Note: Do not write your name and address in the letter.)
7. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:
Courtesy costs us nothing but buys us everything. A courteous behaviour wins hearts for us at no monetary cost. A sweet-tongued polite person, man, woman, girl or boy can make the world his own if only he or she is consistent in his or her social behaviour. Social behaviour runs well and smoothly on the rails of courteous dealing. A harsh or haughty tongue may turn friends into foes. The old saying in English says “Do unto others as you wish to be done unto you” and rightly too. Social behaviour is reciprocal. If you are polite and gentle or sweet-tongued towards others then others too will behave likewise. According to the Law of Interdependence, everybody needs everybody in one way or the other, for one thing or the other and at one tine or the other. Reciprocal sweet behaviour is what that our lives in the human society. We cannot so without it.
a) Write a summary of the passage given above. 1 ½
b) Explain the portions underlined. ½ + ½ =1
c) Suggest a suitable title for the passage give above. 1
d) What is the good thing about courteous behaviour? 1
e) What is the Law of Interdependence. 1