Class XII (Delhi)
Subject: Political Science
Time allowed: 3 Hours Maximum Marks: 100
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Question numbers 1 to 10 are of one mark each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 20 wards each.
(iii) Question numbers 11 to 20 are of two mark each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 40 wards each.
(iv) Question numbers 21 to 30 are of four mark each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 100 wards each.
(v) Question numbers 31 to 35 are of six mark each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 150 wards each.
1. What is meant by US hegemony in world politics? 1
2. Name the member countries of SAARC. 1
3. What is ‘Amnesty International’ responsible for? 1
4. What is meant by global security? 1
5. Why should the ‘environmental concerns’ be part of contemporary global politics? 1
6. How far is it correct to say that globalization results in the erosion of State sovereignty? 1
7. Which theory was behind the partition of India in 1947? 1
8. Give the full forms of the NPT and CTBT. 1
9. Who was P.C. Mahalanobis ? 1
10. Why did India not join either NATO or SEATO? 1
11. What is Cold War? 2
12. Why is the fall of Berlin Wall in 1989 treated as the end of bipolarity? 2
13. What led to the formation of the European Union? 2
14. Does globalization lead to ‘cultural homogenization’ or ‘cultural heterogenization’ or both? Justify. 2
15. How can we protect the rights of the indigenous people with regard to environment? 2
16. Mention the role of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel toward India’s integration. 2
17. How has the method of voting changed from the first General Election of 1952 to the General Election of 2004? 2
18. Mention the causes of ‘Kargil Conflict’. 2
19. Why did Dalai Lama seek refuge in India? 2
20. ‘Regionalism does not imply separatism’. Explain. 2
21. India’s policy of non-alignment has been criticized for being ‘inconsistent’ and ‘unprincipled’. Do you agree? Why? 4
22. Study the given map of the world and answer the following questions in your Answer Book.
(a) Identify and name the countries marked A, B, C and D respectively.
(b) Write the names of the following U.N. Secretary Generals with the names of the countries they belonged to.
(1) Deg Hammarskjold
(2) Kurt Waldheim
(3) Boutros Boutros-Ghali
(4) Kofi A. Annan
For Blind Candidates only in lieu of Q. No. 22:
Answer the following questions:
(a) Name the countries to which the following U.N. Secretary Generals belong:
(1) Boutros Boutros-Ghali
(2) Kofi A. Annan
(3) Kurt Waldheim
(4) Dog Hammarskjold
(b) Who was the first Secretary General of the United Nations?
(c) Name the UN Secretary General who belonged to Asia.
23. What are the reasons behind the rise of international terrorism? 4
24. What is the significance of Kyoto Protocol? Is India a signatory to this protocol? 4
Look at the cartoon given above carefully and answer the following questions:
(a) Does the cartoon refer to a puppet government? 1
(b) Describe the role of such a government in the India democratic set up. 2
(c) What is meant by ‘Support the Government from outside’? 1
For Blind Candidates only in lieu of Q. No. 25:
Answer the following questions:
(a) What is a coalition government? 1
(b) What role does it play in the Indian democratic set up? 2
(c) What is meant by ‘support the government from outside’? 1
26. The phrase ‘Aaya Ram, Gaya Ram’ signifies which concept? Explain its impact on the Indian political system.
27. What was Godhra episode? What were its after-effects? 4
28. Describe any two advantages and two disadvantages of ‘coalition’ government in India. 4
29. How did the prevalence of ‘one-party dominance system’ adversely affect the democratic nature of Indian politics? 4
30. Explain the rise of political violence in the North-Eastern part of India. 4
31. What is meant by ‘Shock Therapy’? Assess its consequences on the post-communist regimes. 6
Examine India’s relationship with the former Soviet Union during the Cold War.
32. Evaluate India’s changing relationship with USA. 6
Analyses the role of USA in global war on terrorism after the attack on the World Trade Center on 9/11 in 2001.
33. Explain the factors responsible for the rise of the Chinese economy. 6
Explain the vision of the ASEAN for 2020.
34. ‘The emergency declared on June 25, 1975 is seen as a blur on India democracy.’ Assess its impact on the party system in India. 6
What is ‘Naxalite Movement’? Evaluate its role in India politics.
35. Explain any three challenges for nation building faced by India at the time of its independence. 6
Answer the following questions based upon the Presidentail address of Mahammad Ali Jinnah at Karachi on August, 11, 1947:
“We should begin to work in that spirit and in course of time all these angularities of the majority and minority communities, the Hindu community and the Muslim community – because even as regards Muslims you have Pathans, Punjabis, Shias, Sunnis and so on and among the Hindus you have Brahmins, Vaishnavas, Khatris also Bangalees, Madrasis and so on – will vanish. … You are free; you are free to go to your temples, you may belong to any religion or coste or creed – that has nothing to do with business of the State.”
(a) Do you think that Jinnah’s statement contradicts the theory which was the basis of the creation of Pakistan? Justify your answer.
(b) What is the essence of Jinnah’s statement in this passage?
(c) To what extent did Pakistan live up to Jinnah’s expectations in this passage?