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CBSE Board Syllabus (2011) Additional Subjects & Languages Class 9th & 10th

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Courses of Studies 2011

Class : 9th & 10th

ADDITIONAL SUBJECTS

(A) MUSIC

Any one of the following can be offered: (Hindustani or Carnatic)

1. Hindustani Music-Vocal 
               or
2. Hindustani Music Melodic Instruments
               or
3. Hindustani Music Percussion Instruments
                or
6. Carnatic Music-Percussion Instruments
                or
4. Carnatic Music-Vocal
                or
5. Carnatic Music-Melodic Instruments

(I) HINDUSTANI MUSIC (VOCAL)
(CODE NO. 034)

CLASS IX

Theory : 25 Marks (68 Periods)         Time: 2hours         Practical  : 75 Marks

THEORY
1. An outline history of Indian Music
2. Definition of the folllowing: Sangeet, Nada, Swara, Shuddha, Vikrit (Komal, Teevra) Sthana (Mandra, Madhya, Tara), Aaroha, Avaroha, Raga, Laya, Tala, Sam, Tali, Khali, Matra, Avartana

PRACTICAL
1. (a) National Anthem
(b) Four folk or tribal songs
(c) Four devotional songs
(d) Three patriotic songs
(e) Community singing (two songs)
(f) Identification of basic swaras
2. Aaroha, Avaroha, Pakad and Drut Khayal in the following Ragas: Yaman, Bhairav, Bhopali with few Tanas.
3. Recitation of the Thekas of Teentala, Keharwa, Dadra and Jhaptal; keeping tala with hand beats.
4. Eight Tala-Baddha, Alankars set to different Talas.

CLASS X

Theory : 25 Marks (68 Periods)         Time: 2hours         Practical  : 75 Marks

THEORY
1. Basic knowledge of the structure and tuning of Tanpura.

2. Knowledge of the notation systems laid down by Pt. Vishnu Digamber Paluskar and Pt. V.N. Bhatkhande.
3. Definition of Vadi, Samvadi, Anuvadi, Vivadi, Alap
4. Brief description of Natya shastra, Sangeet Ratnakar.

PRACTICAL

1. Community Singing:
     (a) Two songs in different regional languages.
     (b) One Tagore song
2. Aaroha, Avaroha, Pakad and Drut Khyal in the following Ragas: Kafi, Khamaj, Sarang and Desh with simple elaborations and few tanas.

Suggested Reference Books :
1. Kramik Pustak Malika by Pandit V.N. Bhatkhande
2. Rag Vigyan by Pandit V.N. Patwardhan.

(II) HINDUSTANI MUSIC (MELODIC INSTRUMENTS)
(Code No. 035)

CLASS IX

Theory : 25 Marks (68 Periods)         Time: 2hours         Practical  : 75 Marks

THEORY
1. An outline history of Indian Music
2. Definition of the following: Sangeet, Nada, Swara, Shuddha, Vikrit (Komal, Teevra) Sthana (Mandra, Madhya, Tara), Aaroha, Avaroha, Raga, Laya, Tala, Sama, Tali, Khali, Matras, Avartana.

PRACTICAL
1. Proficiency in any one of the following instruments : (i) Sitar, (ii) Sarod, (iii) Violin, (iv) Dilruba or Esraj (v) Flute (vi) Mandolin, (vii) Guitar.
2. (a) The tune of National Anthem.
    (b) Four Dhuns and four folk dhuns of different regions.
3. Aaroha, Avaroha, Pakad and Drut gat in the following Ragas; Yaman, Bhairav, Bhopali with few Todas.
4. The recitation of Thekas of Teen Taal, Keharwa, Dadra and Jhaptal, taal keeping with hand beats.

CLASS X

Theory : 25 Marks (68 Periods)         Time: 2hours         Practical  : 75 Marks

THEORY
1. Basic knowledge of the structure and tuning of any one of the following insruments: (i) Sitar, (ii) Sarod, (iii) Violin, (iv) Dilruba or Esraj, (v) Flute, (vi) Mandolin, (vii) Guitar.

2. Knowledge of the notation systems laid down by Pt Vishnu Digambar Palukar and Pt. V.N. Bhatkhande
3. Vadi, Samvadi, Anuvadi, Vivdi, Alap
4. Brief description of Natya Shastra, Sangeet Ratnakar.

PRACTICAL
1. Eight Tala-babbha Alankaras set to different Talas.
2. Aaroha, Avaroha, Pakad and Drut Gat in the following Ragas: Kafi, Khamaj, Sarang and Desh with simple elaborations and few Todas

Suggested Reference Books:
1. Sitar Marg (I Part) by Shri S. Bandyopadhyaya, Vani Mandir, Subzi Mandi, Delhi-7
2. Vitat Vadya Shiksha’, by Shri S. Bandyopadhyaya, Vani Mandir, Subzi Mandi, Delhi-7
3. Sitar and its Technique by Prof. Debu Chaudhuri, Avon Publishers, Shahdara, Delhi.

(III) HINDUSTANI MUSIC (PERCUSSION-INSTRUMENTS)
(CODE NO. 036)

CLASS IX

Theory : 25 Marks (68 Periods)         Time: 2hours         Practical  : 75 Marks

THEORY
1. An outline history of Indian Music
2. Definition of the following: Sangeet, Nada, Swara, Shuddha, Vikrit (Komal, Teevra) Raga, Laya, Tala, Matra, Vibhag, Sama, Tali Avartana, Dugun, Tigun, Chaugun.

PRACTICAL
To acquire efficiency in playing on the opted percussion instrument (Tabla or Pakhawaj) with special reference to accompaniment.
1. Ability to recite with hand beats and to play on the instruments the Theka of Teen Taal, Keharwa, Dadra, with simple elaborations.
2. Accompaniment with solo performance.

CLASS X

Theory : 25 Marks (68 Periods)         Time: 2hours         Practical  : 75 Marks

THEORY
1. Basic knowledge of the structure and tuning of the instruments (Tabla or Pakhawaj).
2. Knowledge of tala notation systems laid down by Pt. Vishnu Digamber Paluskar and Pt. V.N. Bhatkhande.

3. Definition of Avartan, Theka, Lahera, Amad, Mohra, Tihai.
4. Brief description of Natya Shastra, Sangeet Ratnakar.

PRACTICAL
1. To produce correctly the basic Bolas-Ta, Dha, Tin and Dhin, Dha, Ki, Na, Ti, Dhi, Na and Ti; Ti, Na, Dhi, Dhi, Ga, Tir, Kit, Tu, Na, Katta, etc.
2. Ability to recongise the tala of the composition being sung or played on a melodic instrument.
3. To recite the tala with hand beats and to play on the instrument the Theka of Jhaptala, Rupak and Ektala with elaborations.

Suggested Reference Books :
1. ‘Tal Sastra’ by Shri Bhagwat Sharan, Sangit Hathras.
2. Tabla Vadan Shiksha by Pt. Krishna Rao Shankar Pandit.

(IV) CARNATIC MUSIC (VOCAL)
(CODE NO. 031)

CLASS IX

Theory : 25 Marks (68 Periods)         Time: 2hours         Practical  : 75 Marks

THEORY
1. Definition of the following terms:
Sangeeta, Nada, Svara, Svarsthana, Aroha, Avaroha, Sruti, Tala, Laya, Alankara, Sthayi, Graha, Dhatu, Matu, Sudha and Vikrta, Svara, Poorvaanga, Utharanga, Vadi Samvadi, Anuvadi, Vivadi, Sama, Atita, Anagata, Anyasvara, Raaga
2. Brief outline of Ragalakshana of the following : Mayamalavagaula, Mohanam, Kalyani, Malahari and Bilahari
3. Lakshanas of the following musical forms: Geetam, Svarajati.
4. Basic knowledge of the following Talas: Aadi, Rupaka, Chapu.
5. An outline history of Indian Music, including the biography of Purandaradaasa and Tyaagaraaja.

PRACTICAL
1. Community Singing:
     (a) National Anthem
     (b) Five folk or tribal songs of any region indicating time of the year and occasion with which they are related.
2. Voice-culture exercises for Sruti Suddha and Sthan Sudha, sapta tala alankaras in Mayamalawa gowla.
3. Arohana and Avarohana of the following Ragas with brief Raga lakshana : Mayamalawagaula, Mohanam, Malahari, Bilahari, Kalyahi.
4. Singing of simple Devernamas, Geetam, Svarajati and simple bhajans, to the accompaniment of Tambura and Mridangam.
5. Rendition of Adi, rupaka and chapu talas.

CLASS X

Theory : 25 Marks (68 Periods)         Time: 2hours         Practical  : 75 Marks

THEORY
1. Basic knowledge of structure of the Tambura.
2. Outline knowledge of the 72 malakarta scheme
3. General understanding of Principles of notation in Carnatic Music using signs and symbols.
4. Ragalakshanas in brief of the following ragas : Hamsadhvani, Shankarabharanam, Kamboji, Hindolam, Abhogi
5. Study of the lakshanas of varnam, Jatiswaram, kriti

PRACTICAL
1. Community Singing: Four devotional songs, simple Naamaavalis, Bhajans composed by the saints poets of India.
2. Ragalakshanas of the following ragas : Kalyani, kamboji, shankarabharanam, Hindolam, Abhogi
3. To create proper sense of svara and laya through sapta tala alankaras. Alankaaras in Mayamalavagoula and other simple scales.
4. One Divyanama kirtana, one Jatisvaram at least two simple kritis to the accompaniment of Tambura and Mridangam.
5. One Adi tala varam is two degrees of speed.
6. Principles of notation in Carnatic music, illustrated with suitable examples.

(V) CARNATIC MUSIC (MELODIC INSTRUMENTS)
(CODE NO. 032)

CLASS IX

Theory : 25 Marks (68 Periods)         Time: 2hours         Practical  : 75 Marks

THEORY
1. Knowledge of the following terms :
Sangita, Nada, Svara, Svarsthana, Arohana, Avarohana, Aavarta, Sruti, Sthayi, Graha or Eduppu,
Dhaatu, Maatu Sama, Kaala or Degrees of Speed, Suddha Svara Vikrita, Svara, Sangati
Poorvaanga, Uttaranga, Vadi, Samvadi, Anuvadi, Vivadi, Atita, Anagata, Anya svara.
2. Raaga Lakshanaas Outlines of :
Mayamalavogowla, Sankarabharanam, Kalyani, Hamsadhvani.
3. Lakshanas of the musical forms geetam and svarajati.
4. Taalas : Aadi, Roopakam and Chaapu.
5. An outlines story of Indian Music including the biography of Purandaradaasa and Tyaagaraaja.

PRACTICAL
1. Any one of the following instruments :
1. Veena 2.Violon 3. Flute 4. Gottuvadyam
2. The candidates for instruments may be allowed to opt for community singing or for instrumental ensemble based either on the ragas from the syllabus or light and folk melodies.
3. Sapta Tala Alankaras in Mayamalavagaula.
4. Playing ragas in detail on the instrument as prescribed in Theory.
5. Musical compositions : Two geetams, one svarajati and one Adi Tala Varnam in two degrees of speed.

CLASS X

Theory : 25 Marks (68 Periods)         Time: 2hours         Practical  : 75 Marks

THEORY
1. Basic knowledge of the structure and tuning of the instrument opted for
2. Outline knowledge of the seventy-two Melakarta Scheme
3. Principles of Notation in Carnatic music
4. Raaga Lakshana of Mohanam, Kaamboji, Abhogi, Nata, Hindolam
5. Lakshanas of the musical forms kriti and Varnam.

PRACTICAL
1. Playing of the ragas prescribed for Theory
2. Tuning the instrument
3. Musical composition : Adi tala Varnam in two degrees of speed.
4. Simple keertanams and simple kritis.

Suggested Reference Books:
1. Flute by Prof. Sambamoorthy.
2. Musical Instruments of India by S. Krishnaswamy.

(VI) CARNATIC MUSIC (PERCUSSION-INSTRUMENTS)
(CODE NO. 033)

CLASS IX

Theory : 25 Marks (68 Periods)         Time: 2hours         Practical  : 75 Marks

THEORY
1. Knowledge of the following terms:
Sangita, Nada, Svara, Svarasthana, Arohana, Avarohana, Aavarta, Sruti, Sthayi, Graha or Eduppu, Dhaatu, Maatu, Sama, Kaala or Degrees of Speed, Suddha Svara, Vikrta, Svara, Sangati, Poorvaanga, Uttaranga, Vadi, Samvadi, Anuvadi, Vivadi, Atita, Anagata, Anya Svara.

2. Raga Laksanas Outlines of : Mayamaalavagowla, Sankarabharanam, Kharaharapriya, Hamsadhvani.
3. Lakshanaas of the musical forms geetam, Svarajati and Varnam.
4. Taalas : Adi, Roopakam and Chaapu.
5. An outline history of Indian Music including the biography of Purandaradaasa and Tyaagaraaja

PRACTICAL
1. To acquire proficiency in playing on the Mridangam both for Solo and Accompanying purposes.
Also to learn to handle a few other percussion instruments, such as the Ghatam, the Kanjeera and the Moresing.
1. To participate in community singing
2. Stress to be laid on creating and developing proper sense of rhythm.
3. To recite “Sollukettus” for the different talas.

CLASS X

Theory : 25 Marks (68 Periods)         Time: 2hours         Practical  : 75 Marks

THEORY
1. Knowledge of the structure and tuning of the instrument
2. To produce correctly and clearly the Sollukettus on the instrument opted for and the technicalities related to them.
3. Principles of Notation in Carnatic music
4. Lakshanas of the musical forms keertanam and Kriti, also ragas Mohanam, Kalyani, Kambhoji, Hindolam.
5. Basic knowledge of the principles of performance as presented in Vocal and Instrumental music.

PRACTICAL
1. To play precisely, the Sollukettus in different degrees of speed.
2. Tuning of the instrument.
3. Ability to play the Thekas and Mohras in Adi tala, Rupaka tala and Chaapputala.
4. To play brief tani-avartams in simple taalas.
Suggested Reference Books :
1. ‘Percussion Instruments & Laya Vadys’ Prof. P. Sambamurti.
2. ‘Mridanga Svabodhini’ by M.R. Durairaj

(B) PAINTING
(CODE NO. 049)

CLASS IX
One paper                      3 hours                  100 Marks            270 Periods

(i) Still Life Study                                       50 Marks (190 Periods)
Study of a group of two or three arranged objects from a fixed point of view in colour. Group may include, vegetables, foliage and objects of daily use.
(ii) Sketches from Life and Nature in Pencil and Ink.                 20 Marks           (80 Periods)
(iii) Submission of portfolio consisting of five selected works done during the year.          30 Marks

CLASS X
One paper                      3 hours                  100 Marks            270 Periods

Painting from memory
Simple composition in (water/poster/pastel) colours on given subjects based on sketching from life,

(C) COMMERCE

Note : Any one of the following three areas can be offered:
I. Elements of Business
                Or
II. Elements of Book Keeping and Accountancy
               or
III. Typewriting-English or Hindi

(I) ELEMENTS OF BUSINESS
(CODE NO. 154)

CLASS IX
One paper                      3 hours                  100 Marks            270 Periods

Objective : The objective of this paper is to provide elementary knowledge of the different aspects of business.

I. Introductory : Meaning and scope of business                05 Marks (12 Periods)
II. Channels of distribution : Types and functions of wholesaler and retailer            20 Marks (54 Periods)
III. Course of Business Transactions : Buying and selling of goods, methods of approaching customers; enquiries and quotations, price list, tenders, estimates and firm offers, general terms of sale, quality, price, packing, delivery, transfer of ownership and payments; preparing of invoice
Debit note and Credit note                                    20 Marks (54 Periods)
IV. Mercantile Agents : Kinds of agents and their functions, commission agents, factor and broker, Del Credere agents, bought note and sold note, Preparation of Account sales.                               20 Marks (54 Periods)
V. Warehousing and storekeeping : Meaning, purpose, functions and kinds                       15 Marks (42 Periods)
VI. Transportation of goods : rail, road, sea and air transport, comparative merits             20 Marks (54 Periods)
VII. Insurance : General Principles of Insurance-Elementary exposure

CLASS X
One paper                      3 hours                  100 Marks            270 Periods

I. Office Routine : Different departments of Business establishment, handling inward and outward mail, Filing and indexing methods, copying and duplicating methods.                    20 Marks (54 Periods)
II. Business Correspondence: Essential forms of a good business letter, writing of simple business letters of enquiry, quotations, order, reference, advice and compliants                   20 Marks (54 Periods)
III. Banks : Functions of a Bank, Kinds of account and their operation; bank drafts, traveller’s cheques, Post Office Saving Bank.             20 Marks (54 Periods)
IV. Negotiable Instruments : Nature, kinds of cheques, endorsement, crossing, dishonouring of a cheque.             20 Marks (54 Periods)
V. Bills of Exchange : Kinds, parties, negotiation, endorsing, dishonouring, Promissory notes and Hundies               20 Marks (54 Periods)

OR
(II) ELEMENTS OF BOOK-KEEPING AND ACCOUNTANCY
(CODE NO. 254)

CLASS IX
One paper                      3 hours                  100 Marks            270 Periods

Objective :The main objective of this paper is to enable the student to understand the fundamental principles and to develop skills of preparing and maintaining simple accounts books, and records from given details.
I. Introduction : Need for Book-Keeping, Ojectivies and advantages of Book-keeping.                14 Marks (38 Periods)
II. Basic concepts : Dual aspect of transactions and the accounting equation, Effect of transaction on Accounting equations, Business entity concept.                            14 Marks (38 Periods)

III. Nature of Accounts and Rules for debit and credit : Classification of accounts, Rules for debit and credit, Preparation of vouchers and supporting documents                            14 Marks (38 Periods)
IV. Journal : Need for journal; Journal entries; Subsidiary books. 14 Marks (38 Periods)
V. Ledger : Definition and importance; relation between journal and ledger; Meaning of posting, guiding rule for posting transactions, balancing of accounts                           14 Marks (38 Periods)
VI. Recording and posting of cash transactions : Necessity of cash book-types of cash books-petty cash books and imprest system, journal proper.                         15 Marks (40 Periods)
VII. Trial balance : Purpose, methods and limitations                            15 Marks (40 Periods)

CLASS X
One paper                      3 hours                  100 Marks            270 Periods

I. Final Accounts : Preparation of Trading and Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet of a sole trader with simple adjustments 20 Marks (54 Periods)
II. Bank Reconciliation Statement : Utility and preparation; preparation of Cash Book with discount and Bank colums 20 Marks (54 Periods)
III. Bills of Exchange : Nature and use of bills of exchange and promissory notes; Recording transactions pertaining to drawing, discounting, retiring, dischonouring and renewing of bills of exchange 20 Marks (54 Periods)
IV. Errors and their Rectification : Types of errors and entries for their rectification 20 Marks (54 Periods)
V. Depreciation : Objects and methods-Straight line and Diminishing balance methods 20 Marks (54 Periods)

(III) TYPEWRITING-(ENGLISH OR HINDI)
(CODE NO. 354)

Due to speedy industrialisation and rapid means of communication, the use of labour saving devices is on the increase. Typewriting is one of the most commonly used labour saving devices even in remote towns. Its relevance is more pronounced in developing countries, where other sophisticated labour saving devices are not available. CBSE has decided to include the subject “Typewriting-English or Hindi” as an additional (optional) at the Secondary level.
This step has made the Scheme of Studies job oriented and need based.
Objectives
- To help the learner understand the mechanism of the typewriter.
- To enable the learner understand methods of typewriting
- To help the learner know the symbols used in proof-correction.

- To enable the learner acquire the skills of proper display of matter like margin setting, centering and tabulation.
- To help the learner acquire skills of typing and cutting stencils with speed and accuracy.

CLASS IX
One Theory paper                      2 hours                  25 Marks            68 Periods

Knowledge of Key Board
Methods and Principles of Typewriting
Touch system of Typewriting
Knowledge about mechanisation of the Typewriter-Its different parts
Maintenance of Typewriter

One Practical paper         1 hour               75 Marks              202 Periods

1. Speed Test (15 words per minute)
Marks : 30, Time : 10 minutes
(A simple passage of about 150 words in English or 120 words in Hindi. The same passage to be repeated if finished before time)
2. Accuracy Test
Marks: 45, Time : 40 Minutes
(A simple passage of about 400 words in English or Hindi @ 10 w.p.m.)

CLASS X
One Theory paper                      2 hours                  25 Marks            68 Periods

- Functions of important parts of Typewriter
- Elementary knowledge about display of letters and tabulation-margin setting, centering, headings, Subheadings
- Knowledge of cutting stencils and use of correcting fluid
- Simple proof correction symbols
- Standard abbreviations
- Speed development exercises.

One Practical paper         1 hour               75 Marks              202 Periods

A. Running Matter-A speed and Accuracy Test
Marks : 30, Time : 10 minutes
(A Passage of 300 words @ 30 w.p.m. in English and 250 words @ 25 w.p.m. in Hindi. The same passage to be repeated, if finished before time)
B. Tabulation Test
Marks : 45, Time : 40 minutes
(A Tabular statement having not more than 3-4 rows and columns horizontally and vertically. The same is applicable for Hindi Typewriting also)

Letter Typing
Marks : 45, Time : 40 minutes
(Typing a simple letter in English or in Hindi of around 200 words)
NOTE: Ten minutes time is allowed in between for adjustment of typewritiers and starting of the above job (s).

(D) HOME SCIENCE
(CODE NO. 064)

CLASS IX

One Theory paper                 3 hours                        75 marks
One Practical paper              3 hours                        25 marks

Theory                   75 Marks

Unit I: Concept and Scope of Home Science.               5
Unit II : Family-a unit of society : Type & size of family; reasons for change in family types, effect of size on welfare of its members, role of family members in its smooth functioning.                          10
Unit III : Food and its relation to health: Definition of food, health, nutrition, nutrients and balanced diet, functions of food               10
(i) energy giving
(ii) growth and repair
(iii) protection against diseases
(iv) regulation of body functions
(v) psychological satisfaction
(vi) sociological function
(vii) Inter relationship between food and health.
Unit IV: Methods of cooking : boiling, steaming, pressure cooking, frying, roasting & baking brief description of each & suitability for foods. 10
Unit V: Functions of a home : protective and social characteristics of functional house-security, light, ventilation, sanitation (brief description of disposal of waste water, garbage and human excreta) & surroundings.              10
Unit VI : Safety in the house : prevention of accidents in the kitchen and bathroom-cuts, falls, burns, electric shock, poisoning,safe use of fuels; first-aid given to cuts, bruises,burns, scalds, poisoning,shocks & bites.                  10
Unit VII : Fabrics available in the market : Definition of fibre and yarn; classification of fibre on the basis of origin and length; yarn making, blends,construction of fabric-weaving (Different types of weaves-plain, twill and stain), felting and knitting; characteristics of fibres-length,
durability, absorbency, heat conductivity resilience and elasticity; effect of heat, moth and mildew, acids and alkalis.      14
Unit VIII : Selection of clothes : factors affecting selection
(i) fabric related factors (characteristics of fibre, fabric construction)
(ii) person related factors-age, occupation, occasion, fashion, figure, comfort
(iii) Other factors-climate & cost                          6

CLASS IX

Practicals : 20 + 5   (sessional work)                          25

1. Observe your own family for -type, size & role of each member. Record the activities of all members on any one typical day of the family.
2. Observe food preparation using different methods and record taste, texture, colour of ready food.
3. Prepare food using different methods of cooking.
4. Study your own house for light ventilation, disposal of waste water and surroundings and record your observations.
5. Study your house for measures of safety against accidents and give suggestions for improvement.
6. Practice giving first aid to cuts, burns, fevers, scalds and bites.
7. Collect samples of fabrics available in the market and present a comparative picture on the basis of cost (optional), durability, appearance and suitability.
8. Identification of fabric-physical appearance and burning test.

CLASS X
One Theory paper                           3 hours                    75 Marks
One Practical paper                        3 hours                     25 Marks

Theory
Unit I : Principles of growth and development of child; growth and development of children between birth to 3 years. Important milestones in physical, motor, social, emotional and language development of children; physical, social and emotional needs of children               10
Unit II : Role of books, music rhymes, games, radio, TV & Video, in the life of a child upto 3 years of age.                  4
Unit III : Play : Meaning, need and types of play in children between birth & 3 yrs; Characteristics of play-active, passive, natural, serious and exploratory Play materials for children- Characteristics of play material                   5
Unit IV : Nutrients : Functions, sources and deficiency of Carbo hydrates, proteins, Fats Minerals- Iron, Calcium and Iodine and Vitamins- Vitamin A, B, B2, Vitamin C and Vitamin D. Loss of nutrients during cooking, conservation and enhancement of nutrients                  7
Unit V: Meal Planning : Concept, need and factors affecting meal planning-age, sex, climate, occupation, physical needs, number of family members, economic status of family, availability of food, family traditions, likes and dislike and occassion; Food Groups (Basic : 5 suggested by ICMR); Use of food groups in planning balanced diet, food allowances suggested by ICMR.                     6
Unit VI : Food hygiene & methods of storage of food : Rules of hygienic handling of food, Method of storage of perishable, semi-perishable and non-perishable foods.                       6
Unit VII : Resources available to family :
Types of resources-Human (Energy, time, knowledge and skill) Non-Human (money, material goods and community resources); general characteristics of resources, wise use of resources; personal & shared:                    6

Unit VIII: Money Management : Family income and expenditure and importance of saving & Investment                     6
Unit IX : Consumer Education : Consumer rights and responsbilities, consumer problems, malpractces of traders-price variation, poor quality, adulteration, faulty weights and measures, non-availability of goods, misleading information, lack of standardised products, misleading advertisement, aids to help consumers-standardisation marks, labels, packages, advertisement, Pamphlets & Leaflets.                    6
Unit X: Care of clothes :
Cleaning and finishing agents used in everyday care of clothes in the homes: stain removal (precautions and methods); laundering and storage of cotton, silk, wool and synthetics.               14
Unit XI : Quality check of apparel : Workmanship of readymade, tailor made garment, reading of lables on clothes.           5

CLASS X

Practicals : 20+5 (sessional work) =25

1. Observe and record physical and motor characteristics of a child at any given stage between 0-3 yrs of age.
2. Observe play activities of children betwen 1-3 yers of age. Record their interests and characteristics of play materials.
3. Make a suitable play object for a child between 0-3 yrs.
4. Prepare dishes using methods of enhancement of nutrients.
5. Prepare useful household items recycling waste materials.
6. List any five malpractices you have observed in the market.
7. Practice basic stitches-tacking, running, hemming and back stitch.
8. Remove common stains-curry, paint, ball pen ink, lipstic, blood, rust, tea & coffee.
9. Launder and finish cotton, silk, wool and synthetic articles.
10. Examine quality of a sitched garment.
11. Read lable on a ready made garment.
Note : Students are required to maintain record of practical work undertaken in the academic session.

References :
1. Home Science by Staff of Lady Irwin College Published by Longmans, New Delhi.
2. Despatches 1-6 (secondary Course) prepared, published & Marketed by National Open School.
B-31-B, Kailash Colony, New Delhi-48.

ADDITIONAL LANGUAGES

Any one from the following other than the ones offered under the compulsory group:languages under the Compulsory Languages Group in Vol. II of this curriculum.
*Please refer to the Scheme of studies for further details

(E) FOUNDATION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
(CODE No. 165)

Learning Objectives
General :

1. To familiarize with basics of information technology
2. To develop basic skills of using tools for information representation and processing.

Hindi, English, Assamese, Bengali, Bhutia, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Limboo, Lepcha, Marathi, Malayalam, Manipuri, Oriya, Punjabi, Sindhi, Tamil,  Telugu, Urdu, Sanskrit, Arabic, Persian, French, German, Russian, Spanish, Nepali, Portuguese, Tibetan and Mizo.
Note : Syllabi and text books of these languages will be the same as given for the respective

3. To use Information Processing tools for enhancing productivity and quality.

Specific :
1. Cognitive domain : Knowledge and understanding
To develop basic understanding of IT tools.
2. Psychomotor domain : Skills
To develop skills in using Information Processing tools.
3. Affective domain : Personality traits
To develop habit of teamwork, structure presentation and abide by ethical principles of computing

Class IX

1. Basics of Information Technology                (Theory: 10 marks, 10 periods; Practical: 00 marks, 00 periods)

2. Information Processing Tools                      (Theory: 30 marks, 35 periods; Practical: 10 marks, 20 periods)

3. IT Applications                                            (Theory: 30 marks, 30 periods; Practical: 10 marks, 20 periods)

4. Societal impacts of IT                                  (Theory: 10 marks, 05 periods; Practical: 00 marks, 00 periods)

Class X

1. Basics of Information Technology                (Theory: 10 marks, 10 periods; Practical: 00 marks, 00 periods)

2. Information Processing Tools                      (Theory: 30 marks, 35 periods; Practical: 10 marks, 20 periods)

3. IT Applications                                            (Theory: 30 marks, 30 periods; Practical: 10 marks, 20 periods)

4. Societal impacts of IT                                  (Theory: 10 marks, 05 periods; Practical: 00 marks, 00 periods)

Class-IX

THEORY
Unit 1: Basics of Information Technology
Convergence of Technologies - Computer, Communication and Content technologies.

Computing Technology
Computer System : Characteristics of a computer, Components of a computer system - CPU, Memory, Storage Devices and I/O Devices
Memory : Primary (RAM & ROM) and Secondary Memory;
Units of Memory : Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, Terabyte
I/O Devices : Keyboard, Mouse, Printer, Joystick, Scanner, Microphone, OCR, MICR, Light Pen, Barcode Reader, Digital Camera, Speaker, Plotter;
Storage Device : Hard Disk, CD ROM, DVD, Blu Ray, Pen/Flash Drive, Memory Stick;
Type of Software : System Software (Operating System), Application Software (General purpose application software - Word Processing, Spreadsheet, Presentation, Database Management; Specific purpose application software - Accounting Management, Reservation System, HR Management,
Attendance System, Payroll System, School Inventory Control System, Billing System) and Utility Software (Disk/Folder/Files Management, Virus Scanner/Cleaner, Encryption/Decryption Tools.)

Communication Technology
Computer Networking - LAN, MAN, WAN, Internet, Interspace
Wired Networking Technology examples Co-axial Cable, Ethernet Cable, Optical fibre
Wired Networking Technology examples Bluetooth, Infrared and WiFi

Content Technology
Data, Information and Multimedia (Picture/Image, Audio, Video, Animation)

UNIT II : INFORMATION PROCESSING TOOLS
Operating System - Basic concepts of Operating System and its functions (GNU Linux)
Introduction to windows : Using Mouse and moving icons on the screen, My Computer, Recycle Bin, Task Bar, Start-menu and menu selection, running an application, Setting system date and time; Windows Explorer to view files, folders and directories, creating and renaming of files and folders,
Opening and closing of windows, Minimise, Restore and Maximise forms of windows, Basic components of a window : Desktop, Frame, Title Bar, Menu Bar, Status Bar, Scroll Bars (Horizontal & Vertical), Using right button of the Mouse, Creating Shortcut, Basic windows Accesories : Notepad,
Paint, Calculator, Wordpad, using Clipboard ;

Office Tools
Word Processing Tool

Introduction to a Word Processor, Creating and Saving a document, Editing and Formatting a Document; Text Style (B, I.U.), Font Type Size, changing color, alignment of text; Formatting paragraphs with line or paragraph spacing; adding headers and footers, numbering pages, using grammar and spell
check utilities, using subscript and superscript, Print Preview, printing a document. Inserting Symbol, Clipart and Pictures, Page Setting, Bullets and Numbering, Borders and Shading, Format Painter, Find and Replace, Inserting Tables:
Inserting, deleting-rows and columns, merging cells, splitting cells, using auto format: Mail Merge, Using simple mathematical expressions, track changes.

Presentation Tools
Introduction to Presentation Graphics, Understanding the concept of Slide Shows, Basic elements of a slide, Different types of Slide Layouts, Creating and saving a Presentation, Different views of a slide: Normal view, Slide Sorter view and Slide Show, Editing and Formating a slide: Adding Titles,
Subtitles, Text, Background, Watermark ; Headers and Footers, Numbering Slides; Inserting pictures from files, Animating pictures and Text with Sound Effects, Timing Text box, Pictures and Slides, Rehearse Timings, ungrouping and Grouping pictures from Clipart.

Spreadsheed Tool
Introudction to Spreadsheets, Concept of Worksheets and workbooks, Creating and Saving a worksheet, Working with a spreadsheet: entering numbers, text, date/time, series using Auto Fill, Editing and formating a worksheet including changing colour, size, font, alignment of text, Inserting or
Deleting cells, rows and columns, Formulae-Entering a formula in a cell, using operators (+, -, x, /) in formulae, Relative referencing, Absolute referencing and mixed referencing, Printing a worksheet.
Use Simple Statistical functions: SUM(), AVERAGE(), MAX(), MIN(), IF(), (without compound statements); inserting tables in worksheet, Embedding Charts of various types: Line, Pie, Scatter, Bar and Area in a worksheet.

UNIT III: IT APPLICATIONS
Students are suggested to work on the following areas using Word Processing, Presentation and Spreadsheet Tools.

DOMAINS
Documentation:
* Mail-Merge Formal/Informal letter
* Report Writing
* Multi-Lingual Greeting card
* Poster making

Presentation :
* School Magazine
* Environment (Save Energy) and Pollution (Global Warming)
* Product Advertisement

* Science & Social Science topics from the course
* Trends in Wireless Computing

Analysis Reporting :
* School/Class Result with student-wise and subject-wise marks
* Cricket Score Record
* Weather Forecasting Report

NOTE:
Sample documents/ presentations/spreadsheets on the above topics are made available on CBSE

CD-ROM
Teachers are requested to demonstrate some other popular software for word processing, presentation, and spreadsheet, which support Hindi and/or some other Indian language(s).

UNIT IV: SOCIETAL IMPACTS OF IT
Plagiarism, Privacy, Security and Integrity of Information; Intellectual Property Rights; Careers in IT.

CLASS IX
PRACTICALS

Practical Paper: One         Examination Duration: 2 Hour         Marks: 20        Total Periods: 40

(A) HANDS ON EXPERIENCE                12 Marks

Design of a Practical Question Paper
There is no pre-set question paper provided by CBSE for conducting practical examination. This flexibility has been provided to give more freedom to the examiners for the improvement of practical examination, keeping in view the resources and other facilities available in the laboratory of the
School. However, detailed instructions on the basic of syllabus, distribution of marks and conduction of practical examination have been provided. The examiner is advised to set the question paper according to the prescribed curriculum and distribution of marks.

S. No. Skill Marks
1 Working on Operating System 2 Marks
2 Word Processing 3 Marks
3 Presentation 3 Marks
4 Spread Sheet 4 Marks

I. Working on Operating System:
To test some of the following basic system operations on file/folder(s):
Create
Rename
Copy/Cut/Paste
Delete

Commands related to Notepad/Text Editor/Wordpad/Paint
Using Clipboard

II. Word Processing:
A document is required to be created for testing the following areas :
Editing and Formating text and paragraph.
Page and Paragraph Setup
Inserting pictures and WordArt

III. Presentation:
A presentation is required to be created for testing the following areas :
Editing and formating slides
Inserting pictures and sounds
Animating pictures and text wth sound effects

IV. Spreadsheet:
A spreadsheet is required to be created for testing the following areas :
Formating cells and data
Functions & Formulae (Relative, absolute and Mixed reference)
Charts
* Printouts of the documents(s) Spreadsheet(s) should be attached with the answer sheet

(B) IT Application Report File                              4 Marks
Students are supposed to make a IT Application Report File Containing Real life assignments/ presentations using Word Processing Tools, Presentation Tools and Spreadsheet Tools on 12 topics :
4 word processing documents
4 presentations
4 spreadsheets with graphs/charts

(C) VIVA VOCE                                  4 Marks
The questions can be asked from any portion of the syllabus covered during Class IX.

THEORY

UNIT 1: BASICS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Internet : World Wide Web, Web Servers, Web sites, Web Pages, Web Browsers, Blogs, Newsgroups, HTML, Web address, Email address, URL, HTTP.
Services available on Internet: Information Retrieval, Locating sites using search engines and finding people on the net, Chat, FTP, Downloading and Uploading files from or to remote site.
Web services : Chat, email, Video conferencing, e-Learning, e-Banking, e-shopping, e-reservation, e-Groups, Social Networking.

UNIT 2: INFORMATION PROCESSING TOOLS
Office Tools
Database Management Tool :
Basic Concepts and need for a database, Creating a database, Setting the Primary Key, Entering data into a database, Inserting and deleting fields, Inserting and deleting Records, Data Validation: Field Size, Default Value, Validation Rule, Validation Text, Required, Allow Zero Length.

INFORMATION REPRESENTATION METHODS
Hyper Text Markup Language
Introduction to Web Page Designing using HTML, Creating and saving an HTML document, accessing a web page using a web browser (Internet Explorer, Mozilla firefox, Operat Apple Safari, Netscape Navigator, Google Chrome);
Elements in HTML : Container and Empty elements, Designing web pages using the following elements: HTML, HEAD, TITLE, BODY (Attributes: BACKGROUND, BGCOLOUR, TEXT, LINK, ALINK, VLINK, LEFTMARGIN, TOPMARGIN), FONT (Attributes: COLOUR, SIZE, FACE), BASEFONT (Attributes :COLOUR, SIZE, FACE), CENTER, BR (Break), HR (Horizontal Rule, Attributes: SIZE, WIDTH, ALIGN, NOSHADE, COLOUR), COMMENTS, ! for comments, H1.. H6 (Heading), P (Paragraph), B(Bold), I (Italics), U (Underline), UL & OL (Unordered List & Ordered List Attributes: TYPE, START), LI (List Item), Insertion of images using the element IMG (Attributes : SRC, WIDTH, HEIGHT, ALT, ALIGN), Superscript SUP and subscript SUB. Inserting
table-TABLE, TR, TD, ROWSPAN, COLSPAN Internal and External Linking between Web Pages: Signficance of linking, A-Anchor Element
(Attributes: NAME HREF, TITLE, ALT)

XML
Introduction to XML, Difference between XML and HTML with respect to the following : Data sepration, data sharing, documents structure, tags, nesting of elements, attribute, values.
XML Elements - Defining your own tags in XML, Root element, child elements and their attributes; Comments in XML, White space and new line in XML, well formed XML documents, validating XML documents, XML Parser, Viewing XML documents in a web browser.

UNIT 3: IT APPLICATIONS

Students are suggested to work on the following areas using Database Management Tools and HTML on topics implementing the tools covered in the course.
Domains :
Business Computing
* Personal Data Management System
* School/Class Result with student-wise and subject-wise marks
* Employee Payroll (Computation of Monthly Salary)
* Stock Inventory (Purchase and Issue records)

Website Designing
* Personal Blog with Name, Photo, Areas of Interest, School, State, Country
* School Website - Infrastructure, Facilities, Uniform, Motto, School Pictures, Extra-Curricular Activities, Subject and Language Options
* Travel and Tourism
* Indian Statistics - State wise Area, Population, Literacy (Enrolment in Primary, Middle, Secondary, Senior Secondary), Gender Ratio
* Environment (Save Energy) and Pollution (Global Warming)

UNIT 4: SOCIETAL IMPACTS OF IT
Virus, Worms, Trojans and Anti-Virus Software, Spyware, Malware, Spams, Data Backup and recovery tools and methods, Online Backups, Hacker and Cracker with regard to Computer Data and Applications.
Information security provisions in e-Commerce

CLASS X
PRACTICALS

(A) HANDS ON EXPERIENCE                      12 Marks
Design of Practical Question Paper
There is no pre-set question paper provided by CBSE for conducting practical examination. This flexibility has been provided to give more freedom to the examiners for the improvement of practical examination, keeping in view the resources and other facilities available in the laboratory of the
School. However, detailed instructions on the basis of syllabus, distribution of marks and conduction of practical examination have been provided. The internal examiner and the external examiner together set the question paper according to the prescribed curriculum and distribution of marks.
I. Buisness Computing Problem :
A business-computing problem is required to be solved using Database Management Tools for testing the following aspects of database.

Creating and entering data into a database
Setting the primary key
Validation of data

II. Web Page Designing:
A Problem on Web Page designing (Minimum 2 pages)to be given for testing in the following HTML elements:
Adding a tittle to webpage
Formating text
Inserting Image
Putting main points using ordered or/and unordered list
Wrting text in paragraphs
Inserting content in tabulated from.
The students are supposed to know the tools and style for designing domain specific webpages from real life applications and the topic mentioned in the syllabus Students to be asked to create an XML document on the lines of XML concepts covered in theory sylllabus.
Break up of Marks (HTML)
Visual Effect : 1
Linking : 1
Coding : 2
* Printout of the document(s) should be attached with the answer sheet.

(B) IT APPLICATION REPORT FILE                               4 Marks
Students are supposed to make a IT Application Report File Containing Real life assignments/ presentations using Database Management Tools and HTML on topics from the domain:
Must have print outs of the following:
4 database solutions from Business Computing
8 HTML source code along with browser view
2XML documents

(C) VIVA VOCE                                        4 Marks
The questions can be asked from any portion of the syllabus covered during Class IX and Class X. NOTE-Teachers are suggested to give first-hand demonstration covering the aspects such as : Connecting to internet, Using popular Search Engines, Web Browsing, Opening E-mail accounts,
Sending and Receiving E-mails, Downloading files and pictures.

Please visit for CBSE Board other syllabus 2011





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